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Iowa Employee Stock Ownership Plan


Iowa Employee stock ownership plans (ESOP) are a useful tool that allows departing owners to share the business equity with existing employees. ESOPs are commonly used to create a market for the shares of departing owners of successful companies and to reward the employees of the company.

To set up an ESOP, a company will create a trust fund, into which either new shares of its own stock or cash to buy existing stock will be contributed and stored. Any contributions made to this fund are tax-deductible, which makes this plan attractive to many companies.

Once the company accumulates new shares, or uses its cash contributions to buy back existing shares, the shares are allocated to individual employee accounts. The allocations are commonly made on the basis of relative pay, although other nondiscriminatory methods can be used as well. The employees will gain an increasing right to the shares in their account as long as they continue to work at the company, also known as vesting.

When employees leave the company, they receive however much stock they have vested. These shares must be bought back by the company at their fair market value. These shares give employees the right to vote on all issues within public companies, and the major issues within private companies.

If you want to create your own ESOP at your Iowa based company, check out these organizations from our Resource Navigator who can help:

  • Iowa Economic Development Authority: The IEDA can help Iowa businesses create their ESOP with the help of independent financial professionals. They can reimburse you anywhere up to 50% (not to exceed $25,000) of the cost to obtain a feasibility study.
  • Advance Iowa - University of Northern Iowa - Succession Iowa: Succession Iowa assists in the matching of qualified buyers and exiting owners of Iowa businesses. They assist with succession planning, business valuation, and matchmaking for buyers and sellers in the state, especially in rural areas.
  • America's Small Business Development Center (SBDC) - Iowa: The Iowa SBDC centers can help business owners at all stages of their business. Find your local center and speak with them about succession planning and ESOP programs.